Topics / Schools
Prior to the 19th century, there were very few schools and education was largely dependent on religious institutions, charities or private fee paying establishments. Sunday schools began to appear from the 1780's and by the 1830's many of these had begun to also provide classes on weekdays. These schools preceded the first state funding of schools. The schools founded by the Anglican National Society were called National Schools and most of the surviving National Schools were eventually absorbed into the state system. By the 1880's education was compulsory for children aged 5 to 10.